Roads have the potential to be a significant asset to any country—both in terms of the physical investment and the social and economic benefits. A well-maintained and managed road network unlocks the region’s productive capacity by linking agricultural areas to national or regional markets, and encourages economic growth and social integration by bringing cities and villages closer together.
Efficient rail transport can stimulate trade, link production sites to regional and international markets, promote national and cross-border integration and facilitate access to the labor market, education and health services. With growing commitment to environmentally sustainable transportion solutions, rail is an important element of a low carbon transport strategy, releasing between three and ten times less carbon dioxide than driving or flying.
Airports provide access to and interlink regional, national and international markets. Investment in airport infrastructure is essential to economic development, job creation, attracting foreign investment and creating new commercial opportunities for the local economy.
As trade barriers worldwide are dropping, the physical barriers to the movement of goods remain the greatest bottleneck to trade. Over 70 percent of the world’s trade by value and 90 percent by volume travels by ship.